Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Covenant to the Gentiles - Part 1

COVENANT:
There are four questions I will read. Please remain seated until the four questions have all been read. If after you hear all four questions you can answer, Yes to all four, then you will be asked to stand and say, Yes to accept:
  • First: Do you
    • believe all the words of the Lord which have been read to you this day,
    • and know them to be true and from the Lord Jesus Christ who has condescended to provide them to you,
    • and do you covenant with Him to cease to do evil
    • and to seek to continually do good?
  • Second: Do you
    • have faith in these things
    • and receive the scriptures approved by the Lord as a standard to govern you in your daily walk in life,
    • to accept the obligations established by the Book of Mormon as a covenant
    • and to use the scriptures
      • to correct yourselves
      • and to guide your words, thoughts and deeds?
  • Third: Do you
    • agree to assist all others who covenant to likewise accept this standard to govern their lives to keep the Lord’s will,
    • to succor those who stand in need,
    • to lighten the burdens of your brothers and sisters whenever you are able,
    • and to help care for the poor among you?
  • Fourth: And do you
    • covenant to seek to become of one heart with those who seek the Lord to establish His righteousness?

If you agree, please stand wherever you are located, either here or in a remote location, to be recognized and numbered by God and His angels. All those standing please confirm you are willing to accept this covenant by saying, Yes.
Please be seated.


============================================

Now, hear the words of the Lord to those who receive this covenant this day:

All you who
  • have turned from your wicked ways
  • and repented of your evil doings, of lying and deceiving,
  • and of all whoredoms,
  • and of secret abominations, idolatries, murders, priestcrafts, envying, and strife,
  • and from all wickedness and abominations,
  • and have come unto me,
  • and been baptized in my name,
  • and have received a remission of your sins,
  • and received the Holy Ghost,
    • are now numbered with my people who are of the house of Israel.


I say to you:
  • Teach your children to honor me.
  • Seek to
    • recover the lost sheep remnant of this land and of Israel
    • and no longer forsake them.
    • Bring them unto me
    • and teach them of my ways, to walk in them.


And I, the Lord your God,
  • will be with you
  • and will never forsake you
  • and I will lead you in the path which will bring peace to you in the troubling season now fast approaching.

I will
  • raise you up
  • and protect you,
  • abide with you,
  • and gather you in due time,
  • and this shall be a land of promise to you as your inheritance from me.



The Earth will
  • yield her increase,
  • and you will flourish upon the mountains and upon the hills,
  • and the wicked will not come against you because the fear of the Lord will be with you.


I will
  • visit my house, which the remnant of my people shall build,
  • and I will dwell therein, to be among you,
  • and no one will need to say, Know ye the Lord, for you all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.

I will
  • teach you things that have been hidden from the foundation of the world
  • and your understanding will reach unto Heaven.
  • And you shall be called the children of the Most High God,

and

I will
  • preserve you against the harvest.

And the angels sent to harvest the world
  • will gather the wicked into bundles to be burned,
  • but will pass over you as my peculiar treasure.


But if you do not
  • honor me,
  • nor seek to recover my people Israel,
  • nor teach your children to honor me,
  • nor care for the poor among you,
  • nor help lighten one another’s burdens,
then
  •  you have no promise from me 
  •  and I will 
    •  raise up other people who will honor and serve me
    •  and give unto them this land,
    •  and if they repent 
      •  I will 
        •  abide with them.
The time is now far spent,  therefore
  • labor with me
  • and do not forsake my covenant to perform it;
  • study my words and let them be the standard for your faith
    • and I will
      • add thereto many treasures.

Love one another
  • and you will be mine,
    • and I will
      • preserve you,
      • and raise you up,
      • and abide with you for ever.
AMEN. 

Thursday, August 24, 2017

King Benjamin - Part 3

The third and final part of King Benjamin's speech is pretty short.  Three small sections. It's interesting how the last one uses opposing themes to form a chiasmus.

 -----1--------


Ye have spoken the words that I desired, and the covenant which ye have made is a righteous covenant. And now because of the covenant which ye have made ye shall be called the children of Christ,
  • his sons, and his daughters;
    • for behold, this day he hath spiritually begotten you,
      • for ye say that your hearts are changed through faith on his name;
        • therefore ye are born of him
  • and have become his sons and his daughters.
    • And under this head, ye are made free,
      • and there is no other head whereby ye can be made free;
        • there is no other name given whereby salvation cometh.
Therefore I would that ye should take upon you the name of Christ, all you that have entered into the covenant with God that ye should be obedient unto the end of your lives. And it shall come to pass that whosoever doeth this shall be found at the right hand of God, for he shall know the name by which he is called; for he shall be called by the name of Christ.

  -----2--------

And now it shall come to pass that whosoever shall not take upon them the name of Christ
  • must be called by some other name;
    • therefore he findeth himself on the left hand of God.
      • And I would that ye should remember also that this is the name that I said I should give unto you
        • that never should be blotted out
          • except it be through transgression;
          • therefore take heed that ye do not transgress
        •  that the name be not blotted out of your hearts.
      • I say unto you, I would that ye should remember to retain the name written always in your hearts,
    • that ye are not found on the left hand of God,
  • but that ye hear and know the voice by which ye shall be called
and also the name by which he shall call you. 

 -----3--------
 
For how knoweth a man the master whom he has not served and who is a stranger unto him and is far from the thoughts and intents of his heart?
  • And again, doth a man take an ass which belongeth to his neighbor and keep him? I say unto you, Nay.
    • He will not even suffer that he shall feed among his flocks but will drive him away and cast him out.
      • I say unto you that even so shall it be among you if ye know not the name by which ye are called.
    • Therefore I would that ye should be steadfast and immovable, always abounding in good works,
  •  that Christ, the Lord God Omnipotent, may seal you his,
that you may be brought to heaven, that ye may have everlasting salvation and eternal life through the wisdom and power and justice and mercy of him who created all things in heaven and in earth, which is God above all. Amen.

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

King Benjamin - Part 2

The second part of King Benjamin's speech has some interesting structures.  I don't know what these are called but in section 1 and 5 there are several "and"-separated progressions.  Section 2 has a really neat poetic parallel that John Welch talks about here:  https://knowhy.bookofmormoncentral.org/content/why-did-king-benjamin-use-parallelisms-so-extensively-in-his-speech

There are also two instances of chiasmus in the 3rd and 4th sections.  In total there are 5 sections and funny enough there are a lot of "5"s in this chapter:
  - in section 1 there are 5 "ands"
  - in section 2 there are 5 commands to "believe"
  - in section 3 the chiasmus has 5 levels
  - in section 4 the chiasmus has 5 levels
  - in section 5 there are 5 "ands"

-----1--------

 
My friends and my brethren, my kindred and my people, I would again call your attention that ye may hear and understand the remainder of my words which I shall speak unto you.
  • For behold, if the knowledge of the goodness of God at this time has awakened you to
    • a sense of your nothingness and
    • your worthlessness and fallen state, I say unto you,
  • if ye have come to a knowledge of the goodness of God
    • and his matchless power
    • and his wisdom
    • and his patience
    • and his long-suffering towards the children of men
    • and also the atonement which has been prepared from the foundation of the world,
      • that thereby salvation might come to him that
        • should put his trust in the Lord and
        • should be diligent in keeping his commandments and
        • continue in the faith even unto the end of his life -I mean the life of the mortal body-
      • I say that this is the man who receiveth salvation through the atonement which was prepared from the foundation of the world for
        • all mankind which ever were, ever since the fall of Adam, or
        • who are or who ever shall be,
        • even unto the end of the world.
 -----2--------
 
And this is the means whereby salvation cometh.
  •  And there is none other salvation save this which hath been spoken of;
neither are there any conditions whereby man can be saved
  • except the conditions which I have told you.
Believe in God.
Believe that he is and that he created all things
  • both in heaven and in earth;
believe that he has all wisdom and all power
  • both in heaven and in earth;
believe that man doth not comprehend all the things
  • which the Lord can comprehend. And again,
believe that ye must repent of your sins
  • and forsake them
  • and humble yourselves before God
  • and ask in sincerity of heart that he would forgive you.
And now if you believe all these things,
  • see that ye do them.

 -----3--------

And again I say unto you as I have said before, that as ye have come to the knowledge of the glory of God,
  • or if ye have known of his goodness and have tasted of his love and have received a remission of your sins, which causeth such exceeding great joy in your souls, even so
    • I would that ye should remember and always retain in remembrance the greatness of God and your own nothingness and his goodness and long-suffering towards you unworthy creatures, and humble yourselves even in the depths of humility,
      • calling on the name of the Lord daily and
        • standing steadfastly in the faith of that which is to come,
      • which was spoken by the mouth of the angel.
    • And behold I say unto you that if ye do this,
  • ye shall always rejoice and be filled with the love of God and always retain a remission of your sins.
And ye shall grow in the knowledge of the glory of him that created you, or in the knowledge of that which is just and true.

 -----4--------
 
And ye will not have a mind to injure one another but to live peaceably, and to render to every man according to that which is his due. And ye will not suffer your children that they go hungry or naked, neither will ye suffer that they transgress the laws of God, and fight and quarrel one with another and serve the devil, who is the master of sin, or who is the evil spirit which hath been spoken of by our fathers, he being an enemy to all righteousness. But ye will teach them to walk in the ways of truth and soberness; ye will teach them to love one another and to serve one another. And also, ye yourselves will succor those that stand in need of your succor. Ye will administer of your substance unto him that standeth in need and
  • ye will not suffer that the beggar putteth up his petition to you in vain, and turn him out to perish.   Perhaps thou shalt say, The man has brought upon himself his misery; therefore I will stay my hand and will not give unto him of my food nor impart unto him of my substance that he may not suffer, for his punishments are just. But I say unto you, O man, Whosoever doeth this, the same hath great cause to repent; and except he repenteth of that which he hath done, he perisheth forever and hath no interest in the kingdom of God.
    • For behold, are we not all beggars? Do we not all depend upon the same being, even God, for all the substance which we have, for both food and raiment and for gold and for silver and for all the riches which we have, of every kind? And behold even at this time ye have been calling on his name and begging for a remission of your sins. And has he suffered that ye have begged in vain?
      • Nay, he has poured out his Spirit upon you and has caused that your hearts should be filled with joy
        •  and has caused that your mouths should be stopped,
        •  that ye could not find utterance,
      • so exceeding great was your joy.
    • And now if God, who has created you, on whom you are dependent for your lives and for all that ye have and are, doth grant unto you whatsoever ye ask that is right, in faith, believing that ye shall receive, O then how had ye ought to impart of the substance that ye have one to another.
  • And if ye judge the man who putteth up his petition to you for your substance, that he perish not, and condemn him, how much more just will be your condemnation for withholding your substance, which doth not belong to you but to God, to whom also your life belongeth, and yet ye put up no petition nor repent of the thing which thou hast done. I say unto you, Wo be unto that man, for his substance shall perish with him. And now I say these things unto those who are rich as pertaining to the things of this world. And again I say unto the poor, ye who have not and yet have sufficient that ye remain from day to day -I mean all you who deny the beggar because ye have not- I would that ye say in your hearts that I give not because I have not, but if I had I would give. And now if ye say this in your hearts, ye remain guiltless; otherwise, ye are condemned, and your condemnation is just, for ye covet that which ye have not received.
And now for the sake of these things which I have spoken unto you -that is for the sake of retaining a remission of your sins from day to day, that ye may walk guiltless before God- I would that ye should impart of your substance to the poor, every man according to that which he hath, such as feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, visiting the sick and administering to their relief, both spiritually and temporally according to their wants.

 -----5--------
 
And see that all these things are done in wisdom and order,
  • for it is not requisite that a man should run faster than he has strength.
And again, it is expedient that he should be diligent,
  • that thereby he might win the prize. Therefore all things must be done in order.
And I would that ye should remember that whosoever among you that borroweth of his neighbor
  • should return the thing that he borroweth, according as he doth agree, or else thou shalt commit sin and perhaps thou shalt cause thy neighbor to commit sin also.
And finally I cannot tell you all the things whereby ye may commit sin;
  • for there are divers ways and means, even so many that I cannot number them. But this much I can tell you, that if ye do not watch
    • yourselves
    • and your thoughts
    • and your words
    • and your deeds
    • and observe the commandments of God,
    • and continue in the faith of what ye have heard concerning the coming of our Lord, even unto the end of your lives, ye must perish.
And now O man, remember and perish not.

Monday, August 14, 2017

King Benjamin - part 1

I took the first part of King Benjamin's speech (his speech is divided into three main segments with interruptions between) and tried to outline it according to word/structural patterns.  I discovered that it's a really complex speech!  Benjamin uses chiasmus, parallelisms and repeating words and phrases that have always escaped me until I tried to lay them all out.  I still don't know what it all means but laying it out like this helps to show at least what he was intending.  This part of his speech can be divided into seven segments.  Parts 1, 4, 5, 6, and 7 are each configured as an individual chiasmus.  Parts 2 and 3 use parallelisms.  In each chiasmus I color-coded the words that are found on each side for easy reference. 

Twice he uses a "therefore" pattern repeated three times.  And in each he says basically the same thing.   The 3x"therefore" parts are in the 4th and 7th segments.  They each say pretty much the same thing but with minor differences.  (in the first it's fire that ascends and in the second it's smoke that ascends, etc)

In the second segment he uses "dust" and "earth" 3 times then followed with "assemble yourselves together"  3 times.

The part from the angel is super interesting.  I put it in italics - it's in the 6th segment below.  It's a chiasmus and uses the word "child" (or children/infant) repeatedly.  Could that have been a hint to the people that they needed to focus more on their children?  That that would be the reason they don't become Zion by the second generation?

-----1--------

My brethren, all ye that have assembled yourselves together, you that can hear my words which I shall speak unto you this day, for I have not commanded you to come up hither to trifle with the words which I shall speak, but that you should hearken unto me and open your ears that ye may hear and your hearts that ye may understand and your minds that the mysteries of God may be unfolded to your view. I have not commanded you to come up hither that ye should fear me or that ye should think that I of myself am more than a mortal man.
  • But I am like as yourselves, subject to all manner of infirmities in body and mind. Yet as I have been chosen by this people and consecrated by my father and was suffered by the hand of the Lord that I should be a ruler and a king over this people, and have been kept and preserved by his matchless power to serve thee with all the might, mind, and strength which the Lord hath granted unto me, I say unto you that as I have been suffered to spend my days in your service, even up to this time, and have not sought gold nor silver nor any manner of riches of you, neither have I suffered that ye should be confined in dungeons nor that ye should make slaves one of another, or that ye should murder, or plunder, or steal, or commit adultery, or even I have not suffered that ye should commit any manner of wickedness, and have taught you that ye should keep the commandments of the Lord in all things which he hath commanded you.
    • And even I myself have labored with mine own hands that I might serve you and that ye should not be laden with taxes and that there should nothing come upon you which was grievous to be borne. And of all these things which I have spoken, ye yourselves are witnesses this day. Yet my brethren, I have not done these things that I might boast, neither do I tell these things that thereby I might accuse you. But I tell you these things that ye may know that I can answer a clear conscience before God this day.
      •  Behold I say unto you that because I said unto you that I had spent my days in your service, I do not desire to boast, for I have only been in the service of God.
        • And behold I tell you these things that ye may learn wisdom,
      • that ye may learn that when ye are in the service of your fellow beings, ye are only in the service of your God.
    • Behold ye have called me your king. And if I, whom ye call your king, do labor to serve you, then had not ye ought to labor to serve one another? And behold also if I, whom ye call your king, who has spent his days in your service and yet has been in the service of God, doth merit any thanks from you, O how had you ought to thank your heavenly King.
  • I say unto you my brethren that if you should render all the thanks and praise which your whole souls have power to possess to that God who has created you and has kept and preserved you and has caused that ye should rejoice and has granted that ye should live in peace one with another, -I say unto you that if ye should serve him who has created you from the beginning and art preserving you from day to day by lending you breath that ye may live and move and do according to your own will, and even supporting you from one moment to another- I say, If ye should serve him with all your whole soul, yet ye would be unprofitable servants.
 And behold all that he requires of you is to keep his commandments. And he has promised you that if ye would keep his commandments, ye should prosper in the land. And he never doth vary from that which he hath said. Therefore if ye do keep his commandments he doth bless you and prosper you.

------------2---------------


And now in the first place,
  • he hath created you and granted unto you your lives, for which ye are indebted unto him.
And secondly,
  • he doth require that ye should do as he hath commanded you, for which if ye do, he doth immediately bless you,
and therefore
  • he hath paid you. And ye are still indebted unto him and are and will be forever and ever. Therefore of what have ye to boast?
And now I ask, Can ye say aught of yourselves? I answer you, Nay.
  • Ye cannot say that ye are even as much as the dust of the earth,
  • yet ye were created of the dust of the earth but behold it belongeth to him who created you.  And I, even I, whom ye call your king, am no better than ye yourselves are, for
  • I am also of the dust.  And ye behold that I am old and am about to yield up this mortal frame to its mother earth.
Therefore as I said unto you that I had served you, walking with a clear conscience before God,
  • even so I at this time have caused that ye should assemble yourselves together,
    • that I might be found blameless and that your blood should not come upon me when I shall stand to be judged of God of the things whereof he hath commanded me concerning you.
  •  I say unto you that I have caused that ye should assemble yourselves together
    • that I might rid my garments of your blood, at this period of time when I am about to go down to my grave, that I might go down in peace, and my immortal spirit may join the choirs above in singing the praises of a just God.
  •  And moreover, I say unto you that I have caused that ye should assemble yourselves together
    • that I might declare unto you that I can no longer be your teacher nor your king. For even at this time my whole frame doth tremble exceedingly while attempting to speak unto you, but the Lord God doth support me and hath suffered me that I should speak unto you and hath commanded me that I should declare unto you this day that my son Mosiah is a king and a ruler over you.

----------3-----------


And now my brethren I would that ye should do as ye have hitherto done.
  • As ye have kept my commandments, and also, the commandments of my father,
    • and have prospered and have been kept from falling into the hands of your enemies, even so
  • if ye shall keep the commandments of my son, or the commandments of God which shall be delivered unto you by him,
    • ye shall prosper in the land, and your enemies shall have no power over you.
  •  But O my people, beware lest there shall arise contentions among you,
    • and ye list to obey the evil spirit which was spoken of by my father, Mosiah.
    • For behold, there is a wo pronounced upon him who listeth to obey that spirit.
    • For if he listeth to obey him and remaineth and dieth in his sins, the same drinketh damnation to his own soul,
      • for he receiveth for his wages an everlasting punishment, having transgressed the law of God contrary to his own knowledge.
  • I say unto you that there are not any among you, except it be your little children,
    •  that have not been taught concerning
      • these things but what knoweth that ye are eternally indebted to your heavenly Father, to render to him all that you have and are,
    •  and also have been taught concerning
      • the records which contain the prophecies which have been spoken by the holy prophets, even down to the time our father Lehi left Jerusalem,
    •  and also all that has been
      •  spoken by our fathers until now. And behold also they spake that which was commanded them of the Lord; therefore they are just and true.


----------4----------
And now I say unto you my brethren that after ye have known and have been taught all these things, if ye should transgress and go contrary to that which has been spoken,
  •  that ye do withdraw yourselves from the Spirit of the Lord, that it may have no place in you to guide you in wisdom's paths that ye may be blessed, prospered, and preserved, I say unto you that the man that doeth this, the same cometh out in open rebellion against God.
    • Therefore he listeth to obey the evil spirit and becometh an enemy to all righteousness.
      • Therefore the Lord has no place in him, for he dwelleth not in unholy temples.
    • Therefore if that man repenteth not and remaineth and dieth an enemy to God, the demands of divine justice doth awaken his immortal soul to a lively sense of his own guilt,
  • which doth cause him to shrink from the presence of the Lord and doth fill his breast with guilt and pain and anguish, which is like an unquenchable fire whose flames ascendeth up forever and ever.
And now I say unto you that mercy hath no claim on that man; therefore his final doom is to endure a never-ending torment.

----------5------------
O all ye old men and also ye young men and you little children who can understand my words -for I have spoken plain unto you that ye might understand-
  • I pray that ye should awake to a remembrance of the awful situation of those that have fallen into transgression.
  •  And moreover, I would desire that ye should consider on the blessed and happy state of those that keep the commandments of God; for behold, they are blessed in all things both temporal and spiritual. And if they hold out faithful to the end, they are received into heaven, that thereby they may dwell with God in a state of never-ending happiness.
O remember, remember that these things are true for the Lord God hath spoken it.

-----------6------------
And again my brethren, I would call your attention, for I have somewhat more to speak unto you. For behold, I have things to tell you concerning that which is to come. And the things which I shall tell you are made known unto me by an angel from God. And he said unto me, Awake. And I awoke. And behold he stood before me.
And he said unto me,
Awake and hear the words which I shall tell thee;
  • for behold, I am come to declare unto you the glad tidings of great joy. For the Lord hath heard thy prayers and hath judged of thy righteousness and hath sent me to declare unto thee, that thou mayest rejoice, and that thou mayest declare unto thy people, that they may also be filled with joy. For behold, the time cometh and is not far distant that with power the Lord Omnipotent who reigneth, who was and is from all eternity to all eternity, shall come down from heaven among the children of men and shall dwell in a tabernacle of clay and shall go forth amongst men working mighty miracles, such as healing the sick, raising the dead, causing the lame to walk, the blind to receive their sight, and the deaf to hear, and curing all manner of diseases. And he shall cast out devils, or the evil spirits which dwell in the hearts of the children of men. And lo, he shall suffer temptations and pain of body, hunger, thirst, and fatigue, even more than man can suffer except it be unto death. For behold, blood cometh from every pore, so great shall be his anguish for the wickedness and the abominations of his people. And he shall be called Jesus Christ, the Son of God the Father of heaven and earth, the Creator of all things from the beginning; and his mother shall be called Mary. And lo, he cometh unto his own that salvation might come unto the children of men, even through faith on his name. And even after all this, they shall consider him a man and say that he hath a devil, and shall scourge him and shall crucify him. And he shall rise the third day from the dead. And behold he standeth to judge the world. And behold all these things are done that a righteous judgment might come upon the children of men.
    • For behold, and also, his blood atoneth for the sins of those who have fallen by the transgression of Adam who have died not knowing the will of God concerning them or who have ignorantly sinned. But wo wo unto him who knoweth that he rebelleth against God; for salvation cometh to none such except it be through repentance and faith on the Lord Jesus Christ.
      • And the Lord God hath sent his holy prophets among all the children of men to declare these things to every kindred, nation, and tongue, that thereby whosoever should believe that Christ should come, the same might receive remission of their sins and rejoice with exceeding great joy, even as though he had already come among them. Yet the Lord God saw that his people were a stiffnecked people, and he appointed unto them a law, even the law of Moses.
        • And many signs and wonders and types and shadows shewed he unto them concerning his coming;
        • and also holy prophets spake unto them concerning his coming.
      • And yet they hardened their hearts and understood not that the law of Moses availeth nothing except it were through the atonement of his blood. And even if it were possible that little children could sin, they could not be saved. But I say unto you, They are blessed;
    • for behold, as in Adam or by nature they fall, even so the blood of Christ atoneth for their sins. And moreover, I say unto you that there shall be no other name given nor any other way nor means whereby salvation can come unto the children of men, only in and through the name of Christ the Lord Omnipotent. For behold, he judgeth and his judgment is just. And the infant perisheth not that dieth in his infancy, but men drink damnation to their own souls except they humble themselves and become as little children and believe that salvation was and is and is to come in and through the atoning blood of Christ the Lord Omnipotent.
  • For the natural man is an enemy to God and has been from the fall of Adam and will be forever and ever but if he yields to the enticings of the Holy Spirit and putteth off the natural man and becometh a saint through the atonement of Christ the Lord and becometh as a child, submissive, meek, humble, patient, full of love, willing to submit to all things which the Lord seeth fit to inflict upon him, even as a child doth submit to his father. And moreover, I say unto you that the time shall come when the knowledge of a Savior shall spread throughout every nation, kindred, tongue, and people. And behold, when that time cometh, none shall be found blameless before God, except it be little children, only through repentance and faith on the name of the Lord God Omnipotent. And even at this time when thou shalt have taught thy people the things which the Lord thy God hath commanded thee, even then are they found no more blameless in the sight of God,
only according to the words which I have spoken unto thee.

------7----------
And now I have spoken the words which the Lord God hath commanded me.
  • And thus saith the Lord, They shall stand as a bright testimony against this people at the judgment day; whereof they shall be judged every man according to his works, whether they be good or whether they be evil. And if they be evil, they are consigned to an awful view of their own guilt and abominations, which doth cause them to shrink from the presence of the Lord into a state of misery and endless torment, from whence they can no more return.
    • Therefore they have drunk damnation to their own souls.
      • Therefore they have drunk out of the cup of the wrath of God, which justice could no more deny unto them than it could deny that Adam should fall because of his partaking of the forbidden fruit.
    • Therefore mercy could have claim on them no more forever and
  • their torment is as a lake of fire and brimstone whose flames are unquenchable and whose smoke ascendeth up forever and ever.
Thus hath the Lord commanded me. Amen.